Vesak Day / Buddha’s Birthday = Kasone full moon day ကဆုန္လျပည့္ေန႕ (Myanmar calendar / PyetKhaDein 1 day in error)

28-May Friday was Vesak Day, a holiday in Singapore. Vesak day is the equivalent of Kasone Full Moon Day ကဆုန္လျပည့္ေန႕.

Vesākha (Pali; Sanskrit: Vaiśākha वैशाख) is an annual holiday observed traditionally by Buddhists in the Indian subcontinent and South East Asian countries of Singapore, Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Indonesia.[1] Sometimes informally called “Buddha’s Birthday,” it actually encompasses the birth, enlightenment (nirvāɳa), and passing away (Parinirvāna) of Gautama Buddha.[2]

The exact date of Vesākha varies according to the various lunar calendars used in different traditions. In Theravada countries following the Buddhist calendar, it falls on the full moon Uposatha day (typically the 5th or 6th lunar month). Vesākha Day in China is on the eighth of the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar. The date varies from year to year in the Western Gregorian calendar but falls in April or May.

In 2010 the first full moon day in May is the twenty-seventh.[3] However, Myanmar and Cambodia observe the event this year on April 28, 2010.

Kasone full moon day ကဆုန္လျပည့္ေန႕ was 27 April 2010 and Vesak Day 2010 was 28 May.

Malaysia Celebrates Wesak Day on May 28th 2010. This day represents the day that the Lord Buddha was born, died and achieved Enlightenment. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

This year, Myanmar era 1372 is very early. Therefore:

Thingyan, which is calculated by the change of the TaNinGaNway Jo, and therefore constant with regards to the Georgian / International calendar, occurred during Kasone, instead of the usual Tagu, and the Kasone full moon day was April (27th).

This year is a double WarHso year War Htut Hnit ဝါထပ္ႏွစ္.

The moon is never a full circle on full moon days and always become a full circle on the 1st waning day LaPyaeKyaw TaYet လျပည့္ေက်ာ္ တစ္ရက္.

The last lunar and solar eclipses fell on 1st waxing day LaHsan TaYet လဆန္း တစ္ရက္ And the 1st waning day LaPyaeKyaw TaYet လျပည့္ေက်ာ္ တစ္ရက္

The Nayone full moon day နယုန္လျပည့္ေန႕. was on 27 May although Vesak Day fell on 28 May. This is further proof that Myanmar calendar is 1 day in error in relation to the actual phase of the moon, while the Indian lunar calendar (from which Myanmar calendar PyetGaDain is derived from, is still correct.

In Mahayana Buddhist traditions, the holiday is known by its Sanskrit name, वैशाख Vaiśākha, and derived variants of it. Vesākha is known as Vesak or Wesak (衛塞節) in the Sinhalese language.

It is also known as:

  • बुद्ध पुर्णिमा/বুদ্ধ পূর্ণিমা Buddha Purnima or बुद्ध जयंती/বুদ্ধ জয়ন্তী Buddha Jayanti in India, Bangladesh and Nepal
  • 花祭 (Hanamatsuri) in Japan,
  • 석가 탄신일 Seokka Tanshin-il (Hanja: 釋迦誕身日) in Korean,
  • 佛誕 (Mandarin: Fódàn, Cantonese: Fātdàahn) in Chinese-speaking communities,
  • Phật Đản in Vietnamese,
  • ས་ག་ཟླ་བ། Saga Dawa (sa ga zla ba) in Tibetan,
  • វិសាខបូជា Visak Bochéa in Khmer,
  • วันวิสาขบูชา Visakah Puja (or Visakha Bucha) in Thai,
  • Waisak in Indonesia,
  • වෙසක් පසළොස්වක පෝය Vesak (Wesak) in Sri Lanka and Malaysia.

The equivalent festival in Laos is called ວິຊຂບູຊ Vixakha Bouxa and in Myanmar is called Ka-sone-la-pyae meaning “Fullmoon Day of Kasone” which is also the second month of the Myanmar Calendar.

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