Pateikkayar ပဋိကၠရား

I have always known about Pateikkayar ပဋိကၠရား as mentioned in the traditional Myanmar history and historical writings and also that mentioned in the chronicles. The earliest mention of it I heard about is during the time of king KyansitthaReign 1084–1113 when the prince of Pateikkaya ပဋိကၠရား မင္းသား came to visit Bagan to meet princess Shwe Ein The ေရႊအိမ္သည္ regularly. He came by flight due to the power of the alchemist’s ball ျပဒါးလံုး he had in his mouth. The king was displeased about their love because if they get married the country would come under Indian rule. He arranged for the marriage of princess Shwe Ein The ေရႊအိမ္သည္ to the son of king Sawlu. After the marriage, while the prince of Pateikkaya ပဋိကၠရား was on the way to Bagan, he met Shin Arahan during the flight and when he heard of the news of the marriage, gave an exclamation. The alchemist’s ball ျပဒါးလံုး fell out of his mouth and he dropped to the ground and died.

The next mention of Pateikkaya ပဋိကၠရား was during the time of king Narathu Reign 1167–1170. It is said that king Narathu does not use water after going to the toilet and because of this the Pateikkayar ပဋိကၠရား queen did not let him come near her. Narathu became angry and had her killed. Her father the king of Pateikkayar sent assassins in guise of Ponna soothsayers ပုဏၰား. When they were taken to the presence of the king, they assissanated Narathu. Hence, Narathu came to be called Kalakya Minn ကုလားက်မင္း / king who fell to Indians. There is another version of this episode, Narathu killed by the invading forces from the island country of Sri Lanka and the cause of the invasion being a trade restriction problem.

I also read about the fact that Pateikkaya ပဋိကၠရား was in present day Bangaladesh. Phayre “History” takes Pateikkaya ပဋိကၠရား as part of Bengal; Tun Nyein, followed by Gerini as Chittagong; Bhattasali as a ruined site in Patikkara pargana, Tippera district. An inscription of the Bagan places it west of Bagan. Hmannan makes it the southwest frontier of the Bagan kingdom. But Arakanese records, e.g. Do We, seem to use the word as a name of a king “Pateikkaya king of Marawa.” The location of Marawa is equally conjectural. Do We, in a variant of of the Lady of Pateikkaya story, says she was captured by a king of Bagan while travelling at Thingadaung pass in the Yomadaung, i.e. in a hill country. San Shwe Bu thinks Thingadaung pass is north of Mount Victoria and Marawa to be Mawyin, the Kabaw valley; if so, Pateikkaya is near south Manipur.

Here are more about Pateikkaya ပဋိကၠရား
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anawrahta
Anawrahta also received tribute from the Buddhist kingdom of Pateikkaya (ပဋိကၠရား, IPA: [bədeiʔ kʰəjá]). The location of the small kingdom remains in dispute. The Burmese chronicles report the location as northwest of Arakan and its kings Indian.[21] But British historian GE Harvey reckoned that it was more likely nearer to the eastern Chin Hills.[22]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shwe_Einthi
Shwe Einthi (Burmese: ေရႊအိမ္သည္, pronounced [ʃwè ʔèiɴðì]; also Shwe Einsi, [ʃwè ʔèiɴzì]) was a princess of Pagan Dynasty of Burma (Myanmar). She was the only daughter of King Kyansittha (r. 1084–1113), and the mother of King Alaungsithu (r. 1113–1167).[1]
The princess is best remembered in Burmese history for her failed love affair with the prince of Pateikkaya, a kingdom, believed to be in East Bengal or in eastern Chin Hills.[2] Soon after her father became king in 1084, she fell in love the prince who was visiting Pagan. But her father forbade her to marry a foreigner, and instead married her off to Prince Sawyun, the son of the late King Sawlu. The primate of Pagan Shin Arahan broke the news to the prince, who subsequently committed suicide.[1][3]
The princess had two children with Sawyun: Soe Saing, and Sithu, who succeeded Kyansittha.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narathu
Narathu’s reign came to an abrupt end in 1170 when the king was killed by the mercenaries sent by the chief of Pateikkaya, a tributary kingdom in the west (near or today’s Chin State). The reason was to avenge for Narathu’s murder of the chief’s daughter, whom the chief had sent to Narathu as tribute. Narathu did raise the chief’s daughter as queen but killed her with his own hands in one of his episodes of violence.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chin_State
The first recorded instance of a western kingdom believed to be near the Chin Hills is the Kingdom of Pateikkaya, a tributary to the Pagan Kingdom in the 11th and 12th centuries. Some historians (Arthur Phayre, Tun Nyein) put Pateikkaya in eastern Bengal, thus placing the entire Chin Hills under Pagan suzerainty but others like Harvey, citing stone inscriptions, put it near eastern Chin Hills.[4] (Burmese Chronicles report the kings of Pateikkaya as Indian though the ethnicity of the subjects is not explicitly cited.)

http://www.asiaexplorers.com/myanmar/dhammayangyi_pahto.htm
Dhammayangyi Temple was built by King Narathu, who killed his father King Alaungsithu and proclaimed himself king in 1167 AD. Concerned for his karma for having murdered his father, King Narathu built the Dhammayangyi Temple to atone for his misdeed. Narathu himself oversaw the construction of Dhammayangyi. He would have the masons executed if a needle could be pushed between the bricks that they laid.
Still, Narathu never saw the temple to its completion, for he himself was assassinated. This was that had happened. Narathu had taken one of his father’s wives as his own. This wife was an Indian princess from Pateikkaya. Displeased with her Hindu customs, he had her executed. In revenge, her father sent eight men disguised as Brahmans to Bagan. When King Narathu received them, they drew swords and killed him. Thereupon, the men committed suicide.

http://myanmartravelinformation.com/bagan-where-to-visit/dhammayangyi-temple.htm
History
After murdering his own king father, Narathu ascended the throne of Bagan and due to that, he built this temple. It is said that Narathu oversaw the construction himself and that masons were excecuted if a needle could be pushed between bricks they had laid. But he never completed the construction because he was assassinated before the completion. It was said that he was displeased by the Hindu rituals and one of them who made those rituals was the Indian princess who was the daughter of Pateikkaya. So he executed her for such reasons. The princess’s father wanted revenge for his innocent daughter and sent 8 officers in the disguise of Brahmans and assassinated Narathu in this very temple.

http://www.nagajournal.com/articles/letter-of-greetings-to-all-the-nagas-from-forgotten-offspring/5004
The first recorded instance of a western kingdom believed to be near the Chin Hills is the Kingdom of Pateikkaya in the 11th and 12th centuries. Some historians (Arthur Phayre, Tun Nyein) put Pateikkaya in eastern Bengal, thus placing the entire Chin Hills under Pagan suzerainty but others like Harvey, citing stone inscriptions, put it near eastern Chin Hills. (Burmese Chronicles report the kings of Pateikkaya as Indian though the ethnicity of the subjects is not explicitly cited.)

Maung Nyo Dear Dr Nyi Win, Splendid! I read in Bangladeshi History that Pateikaya was in the Eastern Bengal ruled by Buddhist kings of Pallawa descents. Read history writings from Bangladesh.

Maung Nyo Another thing, Missagiri was ruled by the Pagan Kings and it was the old name of the Chin hills.

Alfred Balwin Thanks Ko Nyi Win. I think Prince Pateikkayar must be a Hindu because he depends on Alchemist’s Ball. If he is a Muslim, he will used a Magic Carpet by mean of long distance traveling and more safe. Anyway, I love reading Myths, Legends and History. We see a lot of Prince, Princess and Wannabe in modern days of Myanmar.

Maung Nyo Dear Alfred, Prince PateikpayaBuddhist because he was a friend of Shin Arahan and his Kingdom was Buddhist at the time, Pallawa Dynasty.

Harry Hpone Thant On the banks of the Ayeyarwady River a little above Sinbaung wei(ဆင္ေပါင္ဝဲ) there is a curious rock formation. Locals call it ေက်ာက္ေသတၱာ and say it was the place where this Pateik kaya fell down from the sky and died!

Harry Hpone Thant And at a village near this town is where Shweman Tin maung collapsed on the stage while dancing. But I forgot the name of the village. It is a big village and engaged in weaving. The pagoda there has 4 entrances and nobody dare use the entrance facing the river. Supersition says if somebody tries to cross the river opposite this entrance they will die or the boat capsize and also no birds will fly into the pagoda from this entrance. It was at this pagoda festival that Shweman Tin Maung died

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